1,2-DICHLOROETHANE

UN Number: 1184 - CAS Number: 107-06-2

Also known as: BORER SOL, BROCIDE, 1,2-DCE, DESTRUXOL BORER SOL, DICHLOREMULSION, alpha,beta-DICHLORO ETHANE, DICHLORO-1,2-ETHANE, sym-DICHLOROETHANE, DICHLORURE D'ETHYLENE, DICHLORURE D'ETHYLENE, DUTCH LIQUID, DUTCH OIL, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Ethylene Dichloride, Ethane Dichloride, Ethylene Chloride, Bichlorure D'Ethylene, Chlorure D'Ethylene, Sym-Dichloroethane, Edc, Ethylene Dichloride
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1184
CAS number 107-06-2
Formula C2H4Cl2

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1253 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
0.67 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.62 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 98.96
Density of gas (kg/m3) 4.386
Solubility (g/L)
8690 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
8600 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 83.7
Melting Point (°C) -36
Critical molar volume (m³/mol) 0.000225
Critical temperature (°C) 561
Critical pressure (Pa) 5400000
Surface tension (mN/m)
32.2 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
31.86 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Interfacial tension (mN/m)
30 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
8700 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
10546 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 440
Flash Point (°C) 13
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) 13
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) 18
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 6.2
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 16
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
323160 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 83.5°C
355295 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 11200000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1297.5
Combustion efficiency (%) 50
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.04
Rad fraction (%) 40
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 111.46

Behaviour at sea

Log kow 1.48
Log koc 1.45
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) Not biodegradable
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 2.75

Additional data

Colour colourless
Odour sweet odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification SD

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group II
Cargo group 36
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name halogenated hydrocarb
IMO class 3.2

Reactivity data

Static electricity Yes
Notable risks On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes Reacts with oxidizers.

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 1 - ≥1 and <2
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 1 - ≥1 and <10
Bioaccumulation (A1) 1 - Very low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) NR - Not readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Slightly toxic
Chronic aquatic toxicity (B2) (NOEC (mg/l)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 1 - Slight
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Moderate
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 1 - Mildly irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 2 - Irritating
Specific Health Concern (D3) C - Carcinogenicity
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) SD - Sinker/Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Flammable Harmful Health Hazard Poison
IDHL 1000
Hazard statements
Physical
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H319 Causes serious eye irritation.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
H350 May cause cancer.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
Response
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
ERPG-1 (ppm) 50
ERPG-2 (ppm) 200
ERPG-3 (ppm) 300

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 166
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 85
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 11.8
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 53
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 10.6
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 14
Assessment factor (AF)
10 on the Short term
10 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
1180 [µg/l] on the Short term
1060 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 131

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 3-03

• 1 CLASS 3.1
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BELOW -18°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER
• 2 CLASS 3.2
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN -18°C AND 23°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER
• 3 CLASS 3.3
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23°C AND 61°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER

Emergency procedures

Action

Avoid all sources of ignition (e.g. naked lights, unprotected light bulbs, electric handtools).
Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Wash spillage overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use water spray, foam or dry chemical. Do NOT use water jet. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Spray nozzles.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:28+00:00