ACRYLONITRILE inhibited

UN Number: 1093 - CAS Number: 107-13-1

Also known as: ACRYLON, CARBACRYL, CYANOETHYLENE, Acrylonitrile Monomer, 2-Propenenitrile, Propenoic Acid Nitrile, Vinyl Cyanide, Cyanure De Vinyle, Nitrile Acrylique, Acrylonitrile
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1093
CAS number 107-13-1
Formula C3H3N

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
807.5 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
0.43 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.42 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 53.06
Density of gas (kg/m3) 2.322
Solubility (g/L)
79000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 77
Melting Point (°C) -82
Critical molar volume (m³/mol) 0.000173
Critical temperature (°C) 540
Critical pressure (Pa) 4660000
Surface tension (mN/m)
27.22 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
26.63 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
11143 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
14470 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 480
Flash Point (°C) -5
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) -1
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 3
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 17
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
616000 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 77.4°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 31900000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 2050
Combustion efficiency (%) 98
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.05
Rad fraction (%) 26
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 8.7

Behaviour at sea

Log kow -0.92
Log koc -0.07
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) Not biodegradable
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 1

Additional data

Colour colourless to light yellow
Odour irritating odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification DE

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Cargo group 15
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name substituted allyls
IMO class 3.2

Reactivity data

Water No
Acid(s) Yes
Base(s) Yes
Static electricity No
Oxidizing agents Yes
Notable risks Oxidizer. Polymerization.

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 0 - e <1, or > ca.7, or Mol. Wt. > 1000
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 2 - ≥10 and <100
Bioaccumulation (A1) 2 - Low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) NR - Not readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately toxic
Chronic aquatic toxicity (B2) (NOEC (mg/l)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 3 - Moderately high
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately high
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 2 - Irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 2 - Irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) DE - Dissolver/Evaporator
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Corrosive Environmental Hazard Flammable Health Hazard Poison Toxic
IDHL 500
Hazard statements
Physical
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H311 Toxic in contact with skin.
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H331 Toxic if inhaled.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
H350 May cause cancer.
Environmental
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P270 Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
Response
P301 + P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P302 + P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P370 + P378 In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P403 + P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 Store locked up.
Disposal
P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...
ERPG-1 (ppm) 10
ERPG-2 (ppm) 35
ERPG-3 (ppm) 75

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 1.63
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 6
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 5.16
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 0.8
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 0.5
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 0.17
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the Short term
100 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
16.3 [µg/l] on the Short term
1.7 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

Year Vessel Location Cargo type
1982 Chem 112 Galveston's West Bay, USA Bulk
1987 Herald of Free Entreprise Zeebrugge, Belgium Package
1988 Anna Broere Off Ijmuiden, Netherlands Bulk
1991 Alessandro Primo Off Molfetta, Italy Bulk
Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 131P

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 3-02

• 1 CLASS 3.1
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BELOW -18 °C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; MISCIBLE WITH WATER*
• 2 CLASS 3.2
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT FROM -18°C TO +23°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; MISCIBLE WITH WATER*
• 3 CLASS 3.3
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT FROM 23°C TO 61°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; MISCIBLE WITH WATER*

* Includes substances which are partially miscible with water and substances immiscible but reacting with water for which the use of foam may be ineffective.

Emergency procedures

Action

Avoid all sources of ignition (e.g. naked lights, unprotected light bulbs, electric handtools).
Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Wash spillage overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use water spray or dry chemical. Do NOT use water jet or foam.
If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Spray nozzles.

Remarks by UN no.

• HYDRAZINE, ANHYDROUS (UN No. 2029)
Possible self-ignition at ambient temperatures.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:01+00:00