ANILINE

UN Number: 1547 - CAS Number: 62-53-3

Also known as: AMINOBENZENE, AMIOPHEN, ANILINE OIL, ANYIRIM (TR), BENZENEAMINE, BENZENE, AMINO-, BENZIDAM, BLUE OIL (TR), CYANOL (TR), Aminophen, Benzenamine, Phenylamine, Aniline
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1547
CAS number 62-53-3
Formula C6H7N

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1022 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
4.26 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
3.76 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 93.13
Density of gas (kg/m3) 4.128
Solubility (g/L)
35000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
33000 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 184.4
Melting Point (°C) -6
Critical molar volume (m³/mol) 0.000291
Critical temperature (°C) 705
Critical pressure (Pa) 5630000
Surface tension (mN/m)
42.9 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
42.12 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Interfacial tension (mN/m)
5.8 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
40 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
90 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 530
Flash Point (°C) 76
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) 70
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) 75.6
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 1.3
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 11
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
455707 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 184.4°C
599585 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 34800000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 2060.6
Combustion efficiency (%) 75
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.05
Rad fraction (%) 53
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 2.04

Behaviour at sea

Persistence (days) 1.6
Log kow 0.9
Log koc 1.84
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) 10
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 2.6

Additional data

Colour colourless to yellow-brown
Odour weak odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification FD

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group II
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name aromatic amines
IMO class 6.1

Reactivity data

Acid(s) Yes
Oxidizing agents Yes
Organic substance Yes

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 0 - e <1, or > ca.7, or Mol. Wt. > 1000
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 0 - No measurable BCF
Bioaccumulation (A1) 0 - No potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) R - Readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately toxic
Chronic aquatic toxicity (B2) (NOEC (mg/l)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately high
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 1 - Mildly irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 3 - Severely irritating, with irreversible corneal injury
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) FD - Floater/Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Corrosive Environmental Hazard Health Hazard Toxic
IDHL 100
Hazard statements
Health
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H311 Toxic in contact with skin.
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H331 Toxic if inhaled.
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects.
H351 Suspected of causing cancer.
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:
Environmental
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life.
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response
P301 + P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P302 + P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
10 min 30 min 60 min 4 hrs 8 hrs
AEGL-1 (ppm) 48 16
AEGL-2 (ppm) 72 24 12 1.5
AEGL-3 (ppm) 120 40 20 2.5

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 19
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 0.1
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 10.6
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 2
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 0.015
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 0.39
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the Short term
100 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
1 [µg/l] on the Short term
0.15 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

Year Vessel Location Cargo type
1987 Herald of Free Entreprise Zeebrugge, Belgium Package
Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 153

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 6.1-02

TOXIC LIQUIDS, INCLUDING SUBSTANCES WHICH MAY LIQUEFY DURING TRANSPORT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES.

Emergency procedures

Action

Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material for safe disposal. Wash remainder overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use copious quantities of water or other media to fight fire. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Remarks by UN no.

• METHYLBROMOACETONE
• METHYL BROMIDE AND ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE MIXTURE, liquid (UN No. 1647)
• TEAR GAS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (UN No. 1693)
Spillage may be gaseous.

• CHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE (UN No. 1752)
Water-reactive; use water from as far away as practicable.

• AMMUNITION, TEAR-PRODUCING, NON-EXPLOSIVE, with neither burster nor
expelling charge, non-fuzed.
• METAL CARBONYLS, N.O.S. (UN No. 3281).
Spillage may be gaseous.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:04+00:00