BENZYL ALCOHOL

UN Number: 1738 - CAS Number: 100-44-7

Also known as: CHLORMETHYLBENZENE, CHLOROPHENYLMETHANE, alpha-CHLOROTOLUENE, CHLORURE DE BENZYLE, Chloromethyl Benzene, Alpha-Chlorotoluene, Benzyl Chloride, α-Chlorotoluene
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1738
CAS number 100-44-7
Formula C7H7Cl

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1100 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 126.6
Density of gas (kg/m3) 5.16
Solubility (g/L)
1200 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
525 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 179.6
Melting Point (°C) -39
Critical temperature (°C) 411
Surface tension (mN/m)
37.46 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
36.76 [mN/m] at a temperature of 26.3°C
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
120 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
133.3 [Pa] at a temperature of 22°C
164 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 585
Flash Point (°C) 60
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) 67
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) 74
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 1.1
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 7.1
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
395785 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 29292802
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1440
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 41.54

Behaviour at sea

Persistence (days) 3.1
Log kow 0.36
Log koc 2.65

Additional data

Colour colourless to yellow
Odour sharp, irritating odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group II
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
IMO class 6.1

Reactivity data

Water Yes
Acid(s) No
Base(s) No
Metal(s) and alloys Yes
Oxidizing agents No
Reducing agents No
Combustibles No
Organic substance No

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 1 - ≥1 and <2
Bioaccumulation (A1) 1 - Very low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) R - Readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Slightly toxic
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 1 - Slight
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 1 - Slight
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Moderate
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 2 - Irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 2 - Irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) SD - Sinker/Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 2 - Is a persistent floater; and/or is moderately acutely toxic; and/or is irritating to skin and/or eyes; and/or has long-term health effects other than carcinogenicity, mutagenicity or reprotoxicity; and/or is highly flammable; and/or is flammable and is a floater with evaporative properties

Human toxicity threshold

Corrosive Health Hazard Toxic
IDHL 10
Hazard statements
Health
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H331 Toxic if inhaled.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
H350 May cause cancer.
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:
ERPG-2 (ppm) 10
ERPG-3 (ppm) 50

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 19.3
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 3.9
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 6
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 10
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the Short term
100 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
3.9 [µg/l] on the Short term
1 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 156

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 6.1-02

TOXIC LIQUIDS, INCLUDING SUBSTANCES WHICH MAY LIQUEFY DURING TRANSPORT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES.

Emergency procedures

Action

Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material for safe disposal. Wash remainder overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use copious quantities of water or other media to fight fire. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Remarks by UN no.

• METHYLBROMOACETONE
• METHYL BROMIDE AND ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE MIXTURE, liquid (UN No. 1647)
• TEAR GAS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (UN No. 1693)
Spillage may be gaseous.

• CHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE (UN No. 1752)
Water-reactive; use water from as far away as practicable.

• AMMUNITION, TEAR-PRODUCING, NON-EXPLOSIVE, with neither burster nor
expelling charge, non-fuzed.
• METAL CARBONYLS, N.O.S. (UN No. 3281).
Spillage may be gaseous.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:07+00:00