CARBON DISULPHIDE

UN Number: 1131 - CAS Number: 75-15-0

Also known as: CARBON BISULFIDE, CARBON BISULPHIDE, DISULPHURE DE CARBONE, Carbonbisulfide, Carbon Disulphide, Disulfure De Carbone
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1131
CAS number 75-15-0
Formula CS2

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1260 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
0.2874 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.279 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 76.14
Density of gas (kg/m3) 3.354
Solubility (g/L)
2000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
2160 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 46
Melting Point (°C) -110
Critical molar volume (m³/mol) 0.000173
Critical temperature (°C) 552
Critical pressure (Pa) 7900000
Surface tension (mN/m)
32.25 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
31.58 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
40520 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
57328 [Pa] at a temperature of 30°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 100
Flash Point (°C) -30
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) -30
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 1.3
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 44
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
352109 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 46°C
337667 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 17756763
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1003
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 1459.1

Behaviour at sea

Persistence (days) 3.1
Log kow 1.84
Log koc 1.34
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) 400

Additional data

Colour colourless to yellow
Odour rotten egg to sweet odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Cargo group 38
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name carbon disulfide
IMO class 3.1

Reactivity data

Base(s) Yes
Static electricity Yes

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 2 - ≥2 and <3
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 1 - ≥1 and <10
Bioaccumulation (A1) 1 - Very low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) NR - Not readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately toxic
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 3 - Moderately high
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 4 - High
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 3A - Corrosive
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 3 - Severely irritating, with irreversible corneal injury
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) SD - Sinker/Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Flammable Harmful Health Hazard Poison
IDHL 500
Hazard statements
Physical
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H319 Causes serious eye irritation.
H332 Harmful if inhaled.
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
Response
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P337 + P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
ERPG-2 (ppm) 50
ERPG-3 (ppm) 500

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 2.1
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 2.99
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 135
Assessment factor (AF)
1000 on the Short term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
1 [µg/l] on the Short term
Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 131

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 3-01

•CLASS 3.1
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BELOW -18°C Closed Cup., TOXIC AND/OR CORROSIVE; STOWAGE "ON DECK ONLY"

Emergency procedures

Action

Avoid all sources of ignition (e.g. naked lights, unprotected light bulbs, electric handtools).
Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Wash spillage overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Not applicable.

Fire on deck

Use water spray, foam or dry chemical. Do NOT use water jet. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Not applicable.

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Spray nozzles.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:11+00:00