ETHYL ACETATE

UN Number: 1173 - CAS Number: 141-78-6

Also known as: ACETATE D'ETHYLE, ACETIC ESTER, ACETIC ETHER, ACETIDIN, ACETOXYETHANE, AETHYL ACETAT, Acetic Acid, Ethyl Ester, Ethyl Acetic Ester, Ethyl Ethanoate, Ethyl Acetate, Acetate D’Ethyle
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1173
CAS number 141-78-6
Formula C4H8O

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
902 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
918.1 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 5°C
911.9 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 10°C
902 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
0.49 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
1.7754 [cSt] at a temperature of 5°C
1.7875 [cSt] at a temperature of 10°C
1.7627 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 88.11
Density of gas (kg/m3) 3.87
Solubility (g/L)
86000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
54390 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
38860 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 5‰
36810 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 30‰
Boiling Point (°C) 77
Melting Point (°C) -83
Critical molar volume (m³/mol) 0.000286
Critical temperature (°C) 523.3
Critical pressure (Pa) 3870000
Surface tension (mN/m)
24 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
23.39 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
25.08 [mN/m] at a temperature of 5.6°C
24.39 [mN/m] at a temperature of 10.4°C
23.82 [mN/m] at a temperature of 18.6°C
Interfacial tension (mN/m)
6.79 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
9826 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
12600 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 460
Flash Point (°C) -4
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) -4.4
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) 12.8
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 2.2
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 11.5
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
362500 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 77°C
404040 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 23400000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1937.4
Combustion efficiency (%) 98
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.06
Rad fraction (%) 23
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 11.9

Behaviour at sea

Log kow 0.73
Log koc 0.78
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) 50
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 3.2

Additional data

Colour colorless
Odour pleasant, fruit odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Z Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a minor hazard to either marine resources or human health and therefore justify less stringent restrictions on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Transportation data

Package group II
Cargo group 34
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) ambient
Family name esters
IMO class 3.2

Reactivity data

Acid(s) Yes
Static electricity Yes
Oxidizing agents Yes
Notable risks Reacts with oxidizers.

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 0 - e <1, or > ca.7, or Mol. Wt. > 1000
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 2 - ≥10 and <100
Bioaccumulation (A1) 2 - Low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) R - Readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 1 - Practically non-toxic
Chronic aquatic toxicity (B2) (NOEC (mg/l)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 1 - Slight
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 0 - Not irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 1 - Mildly irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) DE - Dissolver/Evaporator
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 2 - Is a persistent floater; and/or is moderately acutely toxic; and/or is irritating to skin and/or eyes; and/or has long-term health effects other than carcinogenicity, mutagenicity or reprotoxicity; and/or is highly flammable; and/or is flammable and is a floater with evaporative properties

Human toxicity threshold

Flammable Harmful
IDHL 10000
Hazard statements
Physical
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H319 Causes serious eye irritation.
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response
P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P337 + P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370 + P378 In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P403 + P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 Store locked up.
TLV-TWA 400
TEEL-1 (mg/m3) 400 ppm
TEEL-2 (mg/m3) 400 ppm
TEEL-3 (mg/m3) 2000 ppm

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 5600
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 130
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 455
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 2.4
Assessment factor (AF)
1000 on the Short term
1000 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
130 [µg/l] on the Short term
2.4 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

Year Vessel Location Cargo type
1985 Ariadne Mogadishu, Somalia Package
Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 129

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 3-07

• 1 CLASS 3.1
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BELOW -18°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.
• 2 CLASS 3.2
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN -18°C AND 23°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.
• 3 CLASS 3.3
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23°C AND 61°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.

Emergency procedures

Action

Avoid all sources of ignition (e.g. naked lights, unprotected light bulbs, electric handtools).

Spillage on deck

Wash spillage overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use water spray, foam or dry chemical. Do NOT use water jet. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective gloves and boots.
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Spray nozzles.

Remarks by UN no.

• 2-ETHYLBUTYL ACETATE (UN No. 1177)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• ISOPROPYL NITRATE (UN No. 1222)
In fire, explosion hazard.

• PINE OIL (UN No. 1272)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• ZIRCONIUM SUSPENDED IN A FLAMMABLE LIQUID (UN No. 1308)
Spillage is liable to self-ignition. Use water spray from as many hoses as possible from as far away as practicable.

• normal-PROPYL NITRATE (UN No. 1865)
In fire, explosion hazard.

• CYCLOPENTANOL (UN No. 2244)
• normal-UNDECANE (UN No. 2330)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• 3-BROMOPROPYNE (UN No. 2345)
In fire, explosion hazard. Fight fire from a protected position.

• TETRAMETHYLSILANE (UN No. 2749)
Possible self-ignition at ambient temperatures.

• ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. (UN No. 3256), with
flashpoint above 61°C c.c., at or above its flashpoint .
Spilled liquid may be very hot and remain above its flashpoint for some time after spillage.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:26+00:00