ETHYLENE CYANOHYDRIN

CAS Number: 109-78-4

Also known as: 2-CYANOETHANOL, 2-CYANOETHYL ALCOHOL, CYANOHYDRINE ETHYLENIQUE
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

CAS number 109-78-4

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1047 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 71.08
Density of gas (kg/m3) 3.225
Boiling Point (°C) 229.9
Melting Point (°C) -46
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
10 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 494
Flash Point (°C) 21
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 2.3
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 12.1

Behaviour at sea

Additional data

Colour colourless, yellow-brown
Odour weak odour to odourless

Transportation data

Cargo group 20
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) ambient
Family name alcohols, glycols

Reactivity data

Acid(s) Yes
Base(s) Yes
Oxidizing agents Yes
Organic substance Yes

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 0 - e <1, or > ca.7, or Mol. Wt. > 1000
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 0 - No measurable BCF
Bioaccumulation (A1) 0 - No potential to bioaccumulate
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Slightly toxic
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 1 - Slight
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Moderate
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 1 - Mildly irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 2 - Irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) D - Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 2 - Is a persistent floater; and/or is moderately acutely toxic; and/or is irritating to skin and/or eyes; and/or has long-term health effects other than carcinogenicity, mutagenicity or reprotoxicity; and/or is highly flammable; and/or is flammable and is a floater with evaporative properties

Human toxicity threshold

Ecotoxicity

Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

No guides available

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

No guides available

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-11T09:57:24+00:00