NITROBENZENE

UN Number: 1662 - CAS Number: 98-95-3

Also known as: Nitrobenzol, Oil Of Mirbane, Nitrobenzene
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1662
CAS number 98-95-3
Formula C6H5NO2

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
1204 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
1.6865 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
1.5477 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 123.11
Density of gas (kg/m3) 7.74
Solubility (g/L)
2090 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 211.1
Melting Point (°C) 5.7
Critical temperature (°C) 720
Critical pressure (Pa) 405300
Surface tension (mN/m)
46.34 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
27 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
32.7 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 480
Flash Point (°C) 88
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) 88
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 1.8
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 40
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
352700 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 210.8°C
446755 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 24250000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1509
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 2.43

Behaviour at sea

Persistence (days) 2.7
Log kow 1.85
Log koc 2.35
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) 133
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 24

Additional data

Colour light yellow to brown
Odour almond, shoe polish odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification SD

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group III
Cargo group 43
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) ambient
Family name miscell. water solut.
IMO class 6.1

Reactivity data

Acid(s) Yes
Oxidizing agents Yes
Organic substance Yes

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 1 - ≥1 and <2
Bioaccumulation (A1) 1 - Very low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) NR - Not readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 1 - Practically non-toxic
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 0 - Negligible
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 1 - Mildly irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 1 - Mildly irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) E - Evaporator
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 2 - Is a persistent floater; and/or is moderately acutely toxic; and/or is irritating to skin and/or eyes; and/or has long-term health effects other than carcinogenicity, mutagenicity or reprotoxicity; and/or is highly flammable; and/or is flammable and is a floater with evaporative properties

Human toxicity threshold

Environmental Hazard Health Hazard Toxic
IDHL 200
Hazard statements
Health
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H311 Toxic in contact with skin.
H331 Toxic if inhaled.
H351 Suspected of causing cancer.
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:
Environmental
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
Disposal
P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...
TEEL-1 (mg/m3) 3 ppm
TEEL-2 (mg/m3) 19.9 ppm
TEEL-3 (mg/m3) 200 ppm

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 6.68
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 24.25
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 3.2
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 2.6
Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 152

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 6.1-02

TOXIC LIQUIDS, INCLUDING SUBSTANCES WHICH MAY LIQUEFY DURING TRANSPORT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES.

Emergency procedures

Action

Turn ship off-wind.

Spillage on deck

Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material for safe disposal. Wash remainder overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use copious quantities of water or other media to fight fire. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Remarks by UN no.

• METHYLBROMOACETONE
• METHYL BROMIDE AND ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE MIXTURE, liquid (UN No. 1647)
• TEAR GAS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (UN No. 1693)
Spillage may be gaseous.

• CHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE (UN No. 1752)
Water-reactive; use water from as far away as practicable.

• AMMUNITION, TEAR-PRODUCING, NON-EXPLOSIVE, with neither burster nor
expelling charge, non-fuzed.
• METAL CARBONYLS, N.O.S. (UN No. 3281).
Spillage may be gaseous.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:44+00:00