UN Number: 1671 - CAS Number: 108-95-2

Also known as: ACID CARBOLIC, BAKER P & S LIQUID OINTMENT, BENZENOL, CARBOLIC ACID, CARBOLSÄURE, Hydroxybenzene, Monohydroxybenzene, Oxybenzene, Phenic Acid, Phenyl Alcohol, Phenylic Acid, Phenylic Alcohol, Phenyl Hydrate, Phenyl Hydroxide, Acide Carbolique, Phenol
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List


UN number 1671
CAS number 108-95-2
Formula C6H6O

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Solid
Density (kg/m3)
1058 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
3.26 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 94.11
Density of gas (kg/m3) 4.18
Solubility (g/L)
84000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
86600 [g/L] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 182
Melting Point (°C) 41
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
35455 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
46.6 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 605
Flash Point (°C) 79
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) 79
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) 85
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 1.7
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 8.6
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
485496 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 181.8°C
614387 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 31000000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 2123
Combustion efficiency (%) 89
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.04
Rad fraction (%) 33
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 0.02

Behaviour at sea

Log kow 1.47
Log koc 1.59
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) 50
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 17.5

Additional data

Colour white, light pink
Odour sweet, tar odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification DE

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group II
Cargo group 21
State solid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name phenols, cresols
IMO class 6.1

Reactivity data

Acid(s) Yes
Base(s) Yes
Oxidizing agents Yes

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 1 - ≥1 and <2
Bioaccumulation in BCF (A1B) 2 - ≥10 and <100
Bioaccumulation (A1) 2 - Low potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) R - Readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately toxic
Chronic aquatic toxicity (B2) (NOEC (mg/l)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 2 - Moderate
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 3 - Moderately high
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 3 - Corrosive
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 3 - Severely irritating, with irreversible corneal injury
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) S - Sinking substance that would deposit on the seabed, not likely to dissolve quickly
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Corrosive Health Hazard Toxic
IDHL 250
Hazard statements
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H311 Toxic in contact with skin.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H331 Toxic if inhaled.
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects.
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:
Precautionary statements
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
ERPG-1 (ppm) 10
ERPG-2 (ppm) 50
ERPG-3 (ppm) 200


Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 49.6
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 3.1
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 5
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 13
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 0.46
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 0.077
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the Short term
100 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
31 [µg/l] on the Short term
0.77 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

No incident reports available

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 153

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 6.1-04


Emergency procedures

Spillage on deck

Collect spillage, where practicable, for safe disposal. Wash remainder overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Collect spillage, where practicable, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use copious quantities of water or other medium to fight fire and cool down receptacles.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Full protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear, goggles).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Remarks by UN no.

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when dealing with spillage.

• DINITRO-ortho-CRESOL (UN No. 1598)
In fire, explosion hazard.

• ASBESTOS, BLUE (UN No. 2212)
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when dealing with spillage.

In fire situation, use copious quantities of water. Ship's fixed fire-fighting installation may not be effective.

• CASTOR BEANS (UN No. 2969)
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when dealing with spillage.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:02:51+00:00