VINYL ACETATE inhibited

UN Number: 1301 - CAS Number: 108-05-4

Also known as: ACETATE DE VINYLE, ACETIC ACID ETHENYL ESTER, ACETIC ACID VINYL ESTER, 1-ACETOXY ETHYLENE, Acetic Acid, Ethylene Ester, 1-Acetoxyethylene, Ethenyl Acetate, Ethenyl Ethanoate, Vinyl A Monomer, Vinyl Acetate Monomer, Vinyl Ethanoate, Vinyl Acetate
Information on chemical

Information on chemical

External resources

CAMEO Chemical Database
WISER Substance List

Description

UN number 1301
CAS number 108-05-4
Formula C4H6O2

Physical chemical data

Physical State (20°C) Liquid
Physical State (25°C) Liquid
Density (kg/m3)
934 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity (cSt)
0.46 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Molar mass (g/mol) 86.09
Density of gas (kg/m3) 3.844
Solubility (g/L)
20000 [g/L] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Boiling Point (°C) 73.1
Melting Point (°C) -100
Surface tension (mN/m)
24 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
Interfacial tension (mN/m)
30 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour Pressure (Pa)
11997 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
15300 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Ignition Temperature (°C) 425
Flash Point (°C) -8
Flash Point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) (°C) -8
Flash Point (Cleveland open cup) (°C) -5
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) (volume %) 2.6
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) (volume %) 13.4
Vapor enthalpy (J/Kg)
379000 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 72.7°C
Combus enthalpy (J/Kg) 22700000
Specific heat capacity (J/(Kg·K)) 1969
Combustion efficiency (%) 98
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface (Kg/(m²·s)) 0.14
Rad fraction (%) 23
Henry's constant (mol/(m³·Pa)) 51.6

Behaviour at sea

Log kow 0.7
Log koc 1.4
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) (days) Not hydrolysable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) (days) 50
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 0.16

Additional data

Colour colourless
Odour weak fat odour
MARPOL pollution category
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.
Standard behavior classification ED

Transportation data

Transport mode Bulk,Packaged
Package group II
Cargo group 13
State liquid
Temperature (°C) ambient
Pressure (Pa) under pressure
Family name vinyl acetate
IMO class 3.2

Reactivity data

Water No
Acid(s) Yes
Base(s) Yes
Metal(s) and alloys No
Static electricity Yes
Oxidizing agents No
Reducing agents No
Combustibles No
Organic substance No

GESAMP Hazard profile

Bioaccumulation in logPow (A1A) 0 - e <1, or > ca.7, or Mol. Wt. > 1000
Bioaccumulation (A1) 0 - No potential to bioaccumulate
Biodegradation (A2) R - Readily biodegradable
Acute aquatic toxicity (B1) (LC/EC/IC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Slightly toxic
Acute mammalian toxicity by swallowing (C1) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 1 - Slight
Acute mammalian toxicity by skin penetration (C2) (LD50 (mg/kg)) 0 - Negligible
Acute mammalian toxicity by inhalation (C3) (LC50 (mg/l)) 2 - Moderate
Skin irritation/corrosivity (D1) 1 - Mildly irritating
Eye irritation/corrosivity (D2) 1 - Mildly irritating
Interference with coastal amenities (E2) ED - Evaporator/Dissolver
Effects on wildlife and bottom habitats (E3) 3 - Is highly acutely toxic; and/or is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects

Human toxicity threshold

Flammable Harmful Health Hazard
Hazard statements
Physical
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H332 Harmful if inhaled.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
H351 Suspected of causing cancer.
Environmental
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
Response
P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P370 + P378 In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P403 + P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 Store locked up.
Disposal
P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...
TLV-TWA 10
ERPG-1 (ppm) 575
ERPG-2 (ppm) 500

Ecotoxicity

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae (mg/l) 12.7
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean (mg/l) 12.6
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes (mg/l) 14
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae (mg/l) 6
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean (mg/l) 45
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes (mg/l) 0.6
Assessment factor (AF)
5000 on the Short term
500 on the Long term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) (µg/l)
2.52 [µg/l] on the Short term
1.1 [µg/l] on the Long term
Incident reports

Incident reports

Year Vessel Location Cargo type
1999 Multitank Ascania North of Scotland Bulk
Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook

Guide number: 129P

See the guide or download the emergency response guidebook

At sea emergency guide

At sea emergency guide

Emergency schedule: 3-07

• 1 CLASS 3.1
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BELOW -18°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.
• 2 CLASS 3.2
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN -18°C AND 23°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.
• 3 CLASS 3.3
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23°C AND 61°C Closed Cup; NOT COVERED BY OTHER SCHEDULES; IMMISCIBLE WITH WATER.

Emergency procedures

Action

Avoid all sources of ignition (e.g. naked lights, unprotected light bulbs, electric handtools).

Spillage on deck

Wash spillage overboard with copious quantities of water.

Spillage under deck

Provide adequate ventilation. Collect spillage, where practicable, using absorbent material, for safe disposal.

Fire on deck

Use water spray, foam or dry chemical. Do NOT use water jet. If possible remove receptacles likely to be involved or keep them cool with copious quantities of water.

Fire under deck

Batten down; use ship's fixed fire-fighting installation. Otherwise adopt action as for "On deck".

Special equipment to be carried

Protective gloves and boots.
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Spray nozzles.

Remarks by UN no.

• 2-ETHYLBUTYL ACETATE (UN No. 1177)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• ISOPROPYL NITRATE (UN No. 1222)
In fire, explosion hazard.

• PINE OIL (UN No. 1272)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• ZIRCONIUM SUSPENDED IN A FLAMMABLE LIQUID (UN No. 1308)
Spillage is liable to self-ignition. Use water spray from as many hoses as possible from as far away as practicable.

• normal-PROPYL NITRATE (UN No. 1865)
In fire, explosion hazard.

• CYCLOPENTANOL (UN No. 2244)
• normal-UNDECANE (UN No. 2330)
Self-contained breathing apparatus not necessary - use goggles for eye protection.

• 3-BROMOPROPYNE (UN No. 2345)
In fire, explosion hazard. Fight fire from a protected position.

• TETRAMETHYLSILANE (UN No. 2749)
Possible self-ignition at ambient temperatures.

• ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. (UN No. 3256), with
flashpoint above 61°C c.c., at or above its flashpoint .
Spilled liquid may be very hot and remain above its flashpoint for some time after spillage.

Decision trees

Decision trees

No decision trees available

No additional data

last modified 2020-12-14T09:03:03+00:00